Interest is the best teacher?
Now the educational philosophy, with special emphasis on the role of interest to the best teacher. If we can arouse the students’ interest in the teaching process, then the students active learning, the learning process is a kind of relaxed and happy, the result is that students can easily and firmly grasp the knowledge; at the same time, the teacher will reduce the difficulty of teaching organization, relaxed happy teaching duties, complete the mission of education.
However, is that true? The answer is not necessarily.
First of all, interest is a very unstable instinct, which is particularly prominent in young people. Interest comes, do a little work or do something; interest for a while, then say nothing to move. So if you do anything to be based on a person ‘s interest, it is not a matter of reliability.
If we observe the students who learn, self disciplined, or some poor performance in school, you will find a phenomenon, that is, their behavior is often based only on their natural feelings or interests, not based on reason or discipline. If they are hungry, no matter what time and place, he must eat something; they will not care about any person or thing around, suddenly shouted or laughed, and even often appear “kissing door” such things. If you look for a similar group of people, the result is roughly the same. The so-called low quality people, their words and deeds is not only on the basis of self interest or habit, without regard to morality norms. Why these people, the reason is probably in its growth process, parents do not know how to educate their children, too many children in accordance with their own interest in self learning, self growth, the result is to create a lack of quality in all aspects of the individual, many lack of quality and the formation of the lack of quality of the community and the community.
Aside from the talent, if a person is to be in a certain industry or in the field, it is not only a matter of great uncertainty. So the ballet choreographer Barron Xian said: “I don’t think ballet dancer, I want to dance ballet people.” The implication is that the pressure of life is the best teacher.
Now look Mencius that hardships for the worst words, really feel there was another meaning: the day will fall so big people, we must first if the mind, workers of their bones, their body skin hunger, depletion of their body, it is OK Fu chaos, so as to stimulate the interest, has not. People hang off, and then be able to change; trapped in the heart, the balance of consideration, and to make; features in color, hair at the sound, then yu. In no out no learned men and advisors, foreign aggression from enemy states, wakizuz. And then know that he was born in misery, and died in peace. What is the natural interest in happiness and happiness in the country?
A scholar once told his students said such a sentence: interest is the best teacher, this is at best only in early childhood stage children listen to. For a shoulder heavy responsibilities for college students, how can only by his interest in a muddle along every day? Too wide interest, too shallow reading, can only bring people to the harvest tasted, skimming over the surface. These gains will not give you a strong support for your future career!
I think, if you read to hear that in the early days of the school to hear the teachings, certainly not so much good time to waste, life is also not so many of the loss and confusion.
Listening carefully is the first habit to learn.
According to legend, in ancient times, there was a painter, like a tiger. Once, he had painted a tiger, a friend asked him to draw a horse painter along the stroke of a pen in the head below add a horse. My friend asked him: “you draw the horse or the tiger?” the artist replied: “what, it is careless!” your friend is angry and go.
The painter hung the picture on the wall. His older child asked, “what is the picture of a father,” the artist replied, “it’s a horse.”.”
Two the child also asked him, the painter and casually replied: “it is a tiger.”
Two children then careless. One day, the big boy met a tiger, thought it was a horse, want to ride it, the result is a tiger eat; second, hit a horse, but thought it is a tiger, pull the bow will be shot dead. So, people will give artists a nickname of “careless mr.”. That is the origin of the word.
“Modern Chinese Dictionary” is such an explanation of careless: sloppy, elaborate: careless careless. In our life, “sloppy” is almost all aspects of social life. The problem of learning and careless is a common and easily overlooked problem in children’s learning and life. It is a problem that many parents and children need to solve, but they do not know how to solve it.
Some parents think that careless is wrong, as long as the child is clever, careless is a $, not what big problem, after the attention you can easily correct. But that is not the case.
In the class, the child “sloppy” performance is:
Look around, do not pay attention to the teacher, the teacher will not be absent-minded; about the contents of interest; distraction, eat hand, inattention etc..
The children in the class teacher’s experience, but also understand clearly, so that the performance of children’s learning and want to destroy the link, affect children the understanding of knowledge, but also affect the formation of children’s good psychological quality. Children in class if you can not seriously listen, but “careless” treatment, may be a direct consequence of the study is also sloppy”.
According to my observation, I feel that the differentiation of students, that is, the child is divided into learning and learning is not good, is in the classroom differentiation. Some children sit in the classroom, but in the heart in the Han, look around, do not know what the teacher make blind and disorderly conjectures, and such students will gradually decline; some students very focused, always follow the teacher, he is very easy to be a good student, outstanding achievement. So seriously listening to lectures in class is a good first step, the first habit.
Generally speaking, the teacher arranged regularly, to review the last lesson, again a new lesson, finally homework. Primary school teachers teaching content, teaching methods, is based on the characteristics of children’s age, psychological development, in accordance with the requirements of the national Ministry of education syllabus requirements to prepare. The teacher speaks slowly, the problem, especially the new curriculum content, will be repeated, repeated practice. If the child can not seriously listen in class, the teacher said the new class did not hear, understand, home and write homework will appear to do not understand, will not or do wrong. When the attention is not focused on the problem if you can not find in time, directly affect the child’s mastery of new knowledge.
“Yangcheng Evening News” published a message, I feel very interesting. A farmer trained two children into college students. The farmer ‘s culture is very low, what is he using? He said to the child: “you go to school I envy you, you go back to school, teach me, I follow you.” The farmer work, the children come back, dutifully followed the two children learning. The child has a characteristic, especially when the teacher is willing to give parents to be a good teacher, he is this, he will be good to learn ah! A lot of things just started not understand, insist for a long time, the two children develop a good habit of listening, excellent performance and stable, successfully admitted to the university.
According to our years of research found that in fact, the child is not able to listen carefully in class, often not in the study. For example, the child did not sleep well, he was restless; some children with poor relations, the old fear of the lesson who will bully him; or some children who are thinking of yesterday’s TV, or just seen the wonderful film; as well as the children may be thinking about the bag containing the novel: even some children, is a physiological problem, for example, some boys he does not solve the problem, often in the school where he can not sit, uncomfortable. So the child can not listen to the lecture in class may have a variety of reasons. I hope that parents can have a clear understanding, in order to ensure that children in class seriously listening, we need to give the child a certain requirement, provide some help. My suggestion is:
Help children to eliminate all kinds of interference. This requires that we adults to the children more care, to develop his good habits, to be full of energy, to maintain a good state. More in the lower grades more prone to class the distraction of the phenomenon, because the child is not clear what is important or not important, probably because he is a very small thing, he even lost twenty cents a day, anxious and fearful. So parents should help children carefully.
To ensure that the child’s normal sleep time.
Actively cooperate with the teacher. In time to understand the child can not listen carefully in class, attention is focused, but also often contact with the teacher. If you find the problem quickly take measures to eliminate all kinds of interference, so that children can be happy in the classroom to listen to the teacher, because the teacher is to listen carefully in class is the fundamental way to improve the learning efficiency.
Inspired by not acting on their behalf. Some children because of age, fun, parents of some of its supervision is necessary, but should not overdo sth.. When children do their homework, parents can put forward the appropriate quality requirements, time requirements and pay attention to matters; in the process of writing assignments for children can be given to remind; after the completion of the re examination of the completion of the situation. But in the learning process of children’s parents, they can not take children to independent and quiet space.
Often encourage children to do things independently and not to be afraid of making mistakes. Have a mother, once let her daughter to use a tape recorder to develop independent learning ability. She believes that the advantages of using a tape recorder dictation, because the input dictation content is a time to focus on the opportunity to review, so that children can be used to make the children feel very competent, can increase the child’s learning interest. After the recording of the contents of the dictation to let the children put the book to the custody of the parents, but also allows the child to feel the parents’ attention to honesty, to cultivate children’s honest style.
Keep in touch with the teacher. Let the teacher know your child’s concerns, and work with you to keep continuity and consistency in order to maintain continuity with your measures and rewards.
Form a good environment, so that family and school environment to become a child to develop good habits of support
What is a good environment and atmosphere?
Beijing city primary school historians still speak the case. The students have good habits of civilization, has close relationship with the good school. This school for apricot is very short, the first grade students will be able to grasp the hand, but no one pick the apricot. Now a persimmon tree planting apricot. In autumn, the big red persimmon bending branches, no one picked. Is the students do not know how to eat persimmon? Obviously not, Beijing’s children know that persimmon is very good. They are not randomly picked because there is a sense of honor, you do not pick is a good student, I do not pick, I have to do a good job of students. Good family is a good family environment, good school spirit is a good campus environment. In the end, the harvest was picked, the lower grade students, one of the two people, a high grade.
In the summer of 2009, when I was travelling in England, I visited the Churchill estate. Churchill manor. The exact name for the “Blenheim Palace (Blenheim Palace). And is located in Oxford County, the town of Woodstock, for a British World War II era strongman Prime Minister Winston Churchill was born here, and was people habitually called “Churchill manor. , known as one of the most beautiful and elegant baroque palaces in England.
Churchill’s family is very prominent, roots can be traced back to the glorious ancestor John Churchill. John Churchill is brilliant, fighting bravely, for the first time to get the civilian identity. Duke of marlborough. The title, won the attention of Queen Anne. In August 13, 1704, John Churchill led coalition forces, a call in the European continent. Blenheim. In the first place, the first time to beat the non – II – sun. The army of King Louis Xiv, the French king, and the captain of the French army, Tirard (Tall.), was a shock to the whole of Europe. Therefore, Queen Anne reward. Duke of marlborough. 240000 pounds in the construction of the manor.
I have the deepest impression is that Winston Churchill left eight. Artificial residence, residential building. The reason why Churchill has become a strong and unyielding man and his life in a family of heroes is closely related. We develop children’s good habits need to pay attention, we must form a good environment, because the environment of people’s influence is huge. For example, can not curse, the child if the curse, the whole family will not ignore him, and this is a good environment.
One of the students home, you need to become a literary family family. When children in the study, parents do not play mahjong. Some parents. Squelch. Playing mahjong, said. Son, a good study ah, admitted to Beijing University, Tsinghua university. Can he get there?
For example, you at home watching TV, South Korean TV drama a set then the second set see, endless, see tears Lian Lian, you said. Son, don’t watch TV, you must study hard, do homework. Do you say that the child can concentrate on learning?
You know some children this time how to do?? you are watching TV, he doesn’t dare to come over, but he wants to see, he opened the door a moment, erect ears and sharp, with ears to listen to the television, the more tired ah! So man is the product of the environment, this time how to do?? children at home as you can watch TV, or children sleep you watching TV, children learn when you’d better not watch TV. You are an adult can not control their own, the child is still small, he is more resistant to the temptation to induce.
Develop a habit is not a simple thing, but this is not to say that the habit is not up, the key is your ideas and methods to not in place. Our study found that the cultivation of good habits is the focus of the cultivation of personal habits at the same time, focus on the cultivation of social habits at the same time, focus on the cultivation of the wisdom of the habit in the cultivation of traditional habits, while focusing on the cultivation of the times. I suggest that the early childhood focus on the cultivation of living habits, the primary school stage focus on the cultivation of moral character, the middle school stage focus on cultivating the wisdom of habits, in particular, to develop life has a goal and a plan to do things.
Obviously, the cultivation of the habit is a science. What is the principle of customary training is to respect the child, respect for the child’s master position. What is the goal of custom culture is to develop good habits to liberate the child’s brain, so that children from some of the lower, the shackles of their own bad habits, the liberation of. Let’s try not to dawdle, do not fail to keep faith, some vulgar things. To make the child’s life is very interesting, very meaningful.
Twenty-first Century is the two generation of people to learn from each other, the common development of the century, the process of culture is also the two generation of people to learn from each other, common development process. Some habits for children than adults formed early, upsetting environmental protection, we must learn from the children, parents and children grow up together. And good relationship is better than many education, parents and children, the relationship between the better and more conducive to the formation of children’s good habits, so that there is affinity, the affinity of their teachers.
Habit determines the destiny of the child, the core of education is to develop healthy personality, the most effective way to develop healthy personality is to start from the cultivation of behavior habits. We take the behavior of the habit of cultivating this fundamental, we have the most effective way to seize the family education, which is the most basic task of our family education. Let us remember that this is a famous family is a habit of school, parents are accustomed to teachers, children’s education is to develop good habits, we have a good habit to create a child’s health personality.
Timely assessment and appropriate praise, so that children develop good habits in the successful experience
Have parents to the child said: “holiday, this holiday season you want to take your writing pen holding posture training, before the start of the I want to check them.”
I am afraid that this requirement is difficult to implement, children often do not live in their own, general requirements for them not to play a role. So parents should be the big plan is divided into many small plan, and in child or lead to complete row in a timely manner with him together with a summary of assessment have done well today, can reward stars; 7 days are little stars, can change 1 big stars and stars; won three big stars, you can get higher rewards, and so on.
In this way, the child will know whether he has made progress every day, and I look forward to the progress of tomorrow.
Beijing has a mother, son of the fifth grade, homework dawdling. Under the guidance of psychology experts, the mother began to take measures to cultivate the habit.
One day, mother to observe how the son in the end is how to write homework. Found his son write homework for an hour to stand up to, to open the refrigerator to see what is good, to turn on the TV is beginning to see animation yet, less than 10 minutes standing a turn two laps, so homework can not linger??
Mother then said to his son, you are a very clever boy, but just to give you a number, an hour you stand up 7 back, is not too much. Look, you’re writing an hour’s work station 3. Son one Leng, the mother is very tolerant, said 3 back to 3. Mother continues to say, if you do not stand up for an hour or more than 3 back, the same day, the night of the cartoon. Son listened to the joy of the. Mom said, first do not be happy, there will be a penalty, if you do not have an hour to write operations more than 3 back, the night of the TV can not see, including cartoons.
Mother and child agreement reached
The result is 5 days down, the son has 3 days to do, write a job one hour stand up no more than 3 back, so happy to see the cartoon. But two days to forget, not to do. One to 6 o’clock, the rest, because not to watch cartoons, how can I beg my mother do not let look.
Real education is self education, the real control is self control, the child is so slowly changed, an idea of an hour can only stand up 3 back, it will slowly control their own, and to see the animation in the evening to motivate themselves.
In this way, after 3 months of training, the child finally developed a good habit of writing homework, or a good habit to replace a bad habit.
I think this mother is a great mother. I from her successful experience, summed up the basic method of customary training – plus or minus, that is to say, to develop good habits with the addition, to correct bad habits with subtraction. You want to let the child develop what kind of good habits, they do everything possible to guide him to the good behavior continue to repeat, repeat the more, good habits more firmly. We can learn from this practice, is to give the child a acceptable process, so that they slowly get rid of bad habits.
Minus the child’s bad habits by hand, like drug addiction. One year, when I went to Amsterdam to visit, I found some shops selling drugs on the street. I wonder how the whole world is in the anti drug, how do you sell drugs?. We are sold to some of the drug, he suddenly quit, we allow them to trace drugs, with a certificate, you can buy a little, so that he can gradually reduce the amount of drug abuse, until quit. This is the law of diminishing.
I think this is very reasonable. Bad habits will and drug addiction almost must decline curve method is used to correct, that is to say, his bad behavior than the original number reduced, you can allow him to base his reward, a little, until success.
Consistent behavior training, so that children from the passive to active and then automatically
According to Rasy, an American psychologist, behavioral psychology, behavioral psychology believes that a behavior will become accustomed to repeat 21 days, 90 days of repeat will form a stable habit. That is to say, the initial formation of a habit takes 21 days, while the formation of a stable habit takes 90 days. Of course, this is just a general concept. According to our study, the formation of different behavior habits, the formation of the time is not the same, in short, the longer the time to adhere to the more customary.
To give an example, the child needs to be trained not to wash their hands when they wash their hands. Did you wash your hands?. You always ask the child, but also the old to see the child, the child is slowly getting used to, and then do not have to remind him of the. As is now our adult morning to wash your teeth, but also to remind you not to do, it is a habit to develop a habit to become a stable automation behavior.
Our study found that there is a habit of the formation of a passive to active and then to the automatic process, so it should be a long training. Parents are very clear, small children easily misplacing things up in the morning and asked,. My socks, my shoes?. Turn the box to find something to have. This is not a habit to put all kinds of items in a fixed position.
I suggested that parents take a way, so that the child began to develop some good habits from childhood. Such as the evening before going to sleep, the clothes stacked, put the shoes on, they are placed in a fixed position, the school bag to go to school in order to organize a good order. The child will not start, parents can guide, demonstration, and then let the children learn to be messed up. The child is often very interested, like soldiers, quilts neatly.
To cultivate a habit requires perseverance, but the beginning of a month is the critical period. After this month, the child will be able to develop the habit. So that a lot of good habits are so step by step training.
Let the children to develop a good habit of specific standards clearly
Beijing historians primary school a boy in class is very naughty, the teacher angry, after class the class complained that he and the little boy is very upset and went to his teacher sun Puyuan teacher.
Mr. Sun has done 40 years of primary school teachers, experienced, is a special class teacher. She listened to the little boy, said to him. Make love is still good to admit the child. You decide how to apologize?. Said the little boy. I go to the teacher to apologize to the teacher, then take a bow. Sun teacher said. Bow is very good, will let the other side know that you are very sincere. But do you bow and try and see me. The little boy was nod. Mr. Sun shook his head and said. This is not a bow, it is just a nod, a nod to apologize for the lack of sincerity. The boy was stunned, because so long, he will never know what is the difference with the nod bow.
At this time, sun teacher stood up, show the boy how bow upright, hands naturally hang down, and then the upper body bend downward and parallel to the ground, stand up again, the bow. Then, sun teacher let the boy practiced several times, just let him go to the classroom teacher.
Sun Puyuan teacher is worthy of the title of the national outstanding teacher, she teaches the students not only have the patience, and careful, because only meticulous guidance, in order to cultivate a good habit of real. Children’s education can not be separated from the details of the instruction.
Guide children to develop a habit of interest
The best education in childhood is to develop good habits. The so-called good child must have a good habit of children, the so-called problem of children are generally have a lot of bad habits of children. A bad habit may cause the child to lose a good opportunity, and a good habit may make him succeed.
I’ll tell you a story:
In 2003, the national graduate entrance examination of foreign language listening scores for the first time included in the total score. Although the foreign language exam in the 14:00 officially began, but in order to ensure the effect of the hearing test, the education authorities clearly defined. Candidates must be in 1345 before to enter the examination room, use this period of time to debug the radio and audition work, 13:45 banned candidates. The provisions in the examination discipline and ticket candidates are clearly stated, the media have repeatedly reminded in the exam.
The exam in the afternoon, a University of Shanghai city center, after 13:45 for 74 candidates. When the teacher told them not to enter, then 13:55 have passed, the students on the spot silly eye, this just think of spotted the textual research of the examination discipline that.
They said they did not see the provisions before, for the release of the invigilator. One of them continued to beg for the teacher. I have been preparing for this year’s postgraduate entrance examination for 3 years, I am very confident that the exam, the teacher gave me a chance. Another candidate wailed examiner be beneath the human character.
The late candidates for various reasons, some because sleep too much, some because eat late, the main is they are ignoring the “13:45 admission” this provision is said to many sites across the country have a similar situation occurred. It can be said: any of the students responsible for their own should not commit such a low-level error.
The people feeling things above tells us, everyone to do things need confirmation in advance of the habit, otherwise there will be, do not eat bitterness. For a student to develop beforehand confirmation of habit will benefit for life, for example, usually finish my homework carefully check, exam carefully examines the topic, agreed with the others things to keep in mind and advance the implementation of and so on. This not only the academic performance of students will be good, the way people will properly secure.
In the process of the cultivation of the habit, the timely example education, let the children to develop a good habit to produce a kind of feeling, but also to enhance the awareness of effective method.
Guan Ying Tianjin Academy of Social Sciences researcher has found himself hard to communicate with his son. In his son’s room, a lot of basketball star Jordan’s portrait, because Jordan is his idol.
Later, Janice always doesn’t like basketball, began to and son together to watch the basketball match, and collected a lot of Jordan’s story, this let the son mother to sit up and take notice, natural close up. Terri Kwan found that, as long as the son and son on Jordan, be sincerely convinced because he has a sense of identity, sense of kinship with the idol.
As a result, with the example of the power of Jordan, the whole family harmony, son is also becoming more and more lovely.
Childhood is an example of era and even Chu era, because the learning characteristics of children’s observation and imitation. Of course, I was not a child – models and celebrities, more is their partner. Therefore, parents and teachers can let the children choose their favorite celebrities or outstanding partners to do an example. As long as they are found to have some good habits and guidance, will have a huge impact on their children.
Some people will ask, what is the habit of habit is a habit of behavior, is a stable behavior of automation, is the language, behavior, thinking and so on.
Educator Ye Shengtao said that education is to cultivate the habit. Russian educator Ushinski said more profound more image of good habits is people stored in the nervous system of the capital, the capital will continue to increase in long, one life can enjoy the interest rate. And bad habits is morally unable to repay the debt, the debt can to growing interest to torture people, make the person best initiative failed, and the others to the point of moral bankruptcy.